Council Of Trent Analysis

Superior Essays
The Council of Trent finally began, in the northern Italian city of Trent. The Council held a number of meetings, with the three main sessions occurring in 1545–7, 1551–2, and 1562–3 by Pope Paul III. It was the most important movement of the Catholic Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church’s first significant reply to the growing Protestant Reformation. The primary purpose of the Council was to condemn and refute the beliefs of the Protestants, such as Martin Luther, and also to make the set of beliefs in Catholicism even clearer. The opening session attracted only 34 leaders, and the largest meeting of the third session had 255.

The Reformation can mostly be attributed to Martin Luther, a German monk who believed each person should have
…show more content…
Those who followed this movement became known as Protestants. Protestants believed the ultimate authority could be found within the Bible and the Pope has no Authority to interrupt the Bible, and it was each person's responsibility to learn and understand the Scripture for him or herself, this was all discussed in the Council of Trent but the Catholic Church decided to write the ‘Tridentine Creed’ set of beliefs that christians have to follow, to affirm their belief, and to retain the churches power again. The main reason that the Tridentine Creed was written was because the Church was threatened and challenged by the Protestants, and Catholics knew they needed to respond, to grasp their faith, and to make the sacraments significant again like mentioned in the creed “I also profess that there are truly and properly Seven Sacraments of the New Law, instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord, and necessary for the salvation of mankind, though not all for everyone; to wit, Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Extreme Unction, Holy Orders, and Matrimony; and that they confer grace; and that of these, Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders cannot be reiterated without sacrilege.” This was the Churches method in making the sacraments crucial in everyday Catholic …show more content…
This is the belief that during the Eucharist (communion) practice, bread and wine transformed into the actual body and blood of Jesus. Luther believed Jesus existed in all things, so he was already present in the bread and wine. Another major leader in the Protestant movement, saying that Jesus was not physically present during this practice. Rather, he believed this practice was simply a memorial at church. The council refused this idea and wanted to affirm this sacraments again evidence in the creed “I profess, likewise, that in the Mass there is offered to God a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for the living and the dead; and that in the most holy sacrament of the Eucharist there is truly, really, and substantially, the Body and Blood, together with the soul and divinity, of our Lord Jesus Christ; and that there is made a conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the Body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the Blood, which conversion the Catholic Church calls Transubstantiation. I also confess that under either kind alone Christ is received whole and entire, and a true sacrament.” The councils motivation and reasons were Christ our Redeemer declared that to be truly His own body which He offered under the form of bread, it has, therefore, always been a firm belief in the Church of God. This change the holy Catholic Church properly and

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Anabaptists, Henry VIII

    • 1031 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Zwingli expressed his views of the Lord’s Supper like the Catholic Church’s view. He states that Christ’s presence in the sacrament is to be explained in terms of the doctrine of transubstantiation, which applies that when the priest says the words of consecration, the substance of bread and wine is transformed into the body and blood of Christ. The properties of the bread and wine, however, remain the same. Zwingli also emphasizes that this process is a propitiatory service/sacrifice (the same sacrifice that Christ offered on the cross; this process is offered to the living and dead) to Christ. One of his main arguments to this was he believed that Christ’s words “This is my body”, should be read as “This signifies my body” because he thought that the supper was a symbolic memorial to Christ in which the follower’s pledges that he a follower to Christ.…

    • 1031 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Communion Or Eucharist?

    • 1709 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Communion or Eucharist, how should we think about this sacrament? The sacrament of the Communion is more than just a celebration during Church service in remembrance of Jesus’ death; it is so believers of Christ can fully accept Jesus into their bodies. The Eucharist is how the Catholic Church describes the transformation of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus Christ. Even though the bread and wine is transformed into the body and blood of Jesus, the physical properties of the bread and wine do not change. Instead, Jesus is entirely present in the appearance of bread and wine.…

    • 1709 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Great Essays

    Analysis Of Chrysostom

    • 1552 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Nowadays both Roman Catholicism and Protestantism cling to this view. Second, his ecclesiological reading of the parable affects the ecclesiology of Protestantism. Luther, for example, followed the teaching of Augustine and pointed out, ‘the guests cannot judge and recognize them (the evil) all, but only till God Himself comes with his judgment.’ Because every believer needs the same divine grace and will be judged by the same God, they are all equal in the sight of God, which means that the priesthood should also be consecrated by God alone. This kind of interpretation inspires the Protestant idea of ‘the Priesthood of All…

    • 1552 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    4:17) he willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance.” The second stated, “This word cannot be understood as referring to the sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, as administered by the clergy.” These two sacraments advocated that a Christian by faith alone can repent and achieve righteousness without the help of deeds and priests. Faith in God alone would lead to salvation. To defend this argument, Luther used John 20 which stated, “Jesus is the messiah, the son of god and that by believing you may have life in his name.” Luther argued that this passage proved priests were not needed to direct people to righteousness and that every Christian could be their own priest if they had faith. Another important These, addressed the Saint Peters Scandal and…

    • 2215 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    It is to be called to live in conformity to Christ, specifically Christ crucified.” (Gorman, 2003) Additionally, “it is argued that the crucifixion of Jesus, as it is mentioned in the text, can well be considered as a ritual that, on one hand fails, given that leads to Jesus’ exaltation rather than to his permanent death.” (Smit, 2016) Christian theology teaches that the death of Jesus Christ provided the perfect atoning sacrifice for the sins of all mankind, thus making the crucifix, or cross, one of the defining symbols of Christianity. “Paul acted as a ‘theologos’ in writing a brief speech in exalted prose honoring Jesus Christ, whom he had taught the Philippians to honor instead of the emperor.” (Yarbro,…

    • 1587 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    A major contrast between the two religions is to do with the prophets. A prophet is someone who is an inspired teacher or someone who has been spoken to by God. In the Catholic Church they believe in Prophets but in the Hindu religion there is no such thing as prophets. In Hinduism they strongly believe that all roads they take will lead them to salvation. However in Catholicism they strongly believe that answers to all problems are in the bible.…

    • 3960 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They must use instructions received from masters and theologians. Here, the church is making certain they meet the needs of the community and the people will not need to look elsewhere for guidance and instructions. The Church would not sanction any new religious orders. The Pope wanted the ability to control the church. If there were different groups with different doctrines and ideas, control and complete authority would be difficult.…

    • 802 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    With this being said, the liturgy is something worth exploring; something worth knowing the true meaning and plan for our salvation. Hahn then proceeds to make an “outlandish” claim; “I propose that the key to understanding the Mass is the biblical Book of Revelation- and, further, the Mass is the only way a Christian can truly make sense of the Book of Revelation” (4). For the average person, like myself, I perceived that the frightening imagery described in the Book of Revelation, directly contradicts the way we are taught to view Mass (peaceful,glorious,etc). Hahn recalls his experience at Mass as perplexing. He states that during the consecration of the eucharist, when the congregation recited “Lamb of God”, that he was transported to the Book of Revelation where “Jesus is called the Lamb no less than 28 times in 22 chapters” (9) .…

    • 766 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This means that there is a war of the Church being “too holy” or “too secularized”. Bonheoffer says that neither view of the Church should be accepted. Bonheoffer also mentions that Luther tried to help guide the Church back to the gospel of costly grace through a “formula”. Luther states that grace alone saves us and that we are not able to conquer life without God’s good grace (52). Luther also states that Scripture holds all we need to understand about redemption.…

    • 992 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    I know catholic worship the saints and that Christian do not. In addition, able to see that “The Christian worldview, rooted in the work of Christ on the cross and the human response of faith, gives rise to a distinct form of ethics” (Merrick, 2014, para. 22).also have that “All Christians today are in a sense united in so far as they are all baptized in the one Lord and confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior” (Goosen, 2014, p.9). Yet catholic, are also baptized in the one Lord and they would also confess Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior. In all, both have similarity in that they both believes in god and Jesus, yet some differences in how they live their life and…

    • 1657 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays