Cost Benefit Analysis : The Department Of Environmental Quality
The Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) in every state has a program that focuses on attaining and maintaining air quality standards with the finality of reducing the factors that could potentially affect a person’s health. Oregon has adopted regulations from neighboring states such as California, as they have had more experience and knowledge in alternative ways for reducing air pollutants. Part of that transition has been to develop and enforce Low Emission Vehicle Regulations. A likely scenario for Oregon suggests that electric vehicles or plug in hybrids vehicles could total 13 percent by 2025.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set health based air quality standards, or criteria, for six pollutants and all states are required to meet the minimum standards. The EPA identifies air pollutants in two categories:
• Traditional Air Pollutants: Particulate matter, Carbon monoxide, Ground level ozone, Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen dioxide and Lead. All, but lead are present as a result of combustion from motored vehicles. The impact these pollutants have in our health ranges from a simple nose irritation or chest pains to heart disease or pulmonary fibrosis.
• Toxic Air Pollutants: This refers to air pollutants that are considered or known to cause serious health problems. Even though hundreds of toxic pollutants exist, Congress has listed 188 of them to monitor as part of the federal Clean Air Act. In Oregon, EPA identified 14 toxic…