Corruption Essay

7087 Words May 18th, 2015 29 Pages
International Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences

Vol. 2, No.6; June 2012

Corruption: Causes and Effects in Pakistan’s Case (A Review Research)
*Dr. Muhammad Tariq Khan1, Dr. Naseer Ahmed Khan2, Sheraz Ahmed3, & Khalid Mehmood4
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Management Sciences University of Haripur, PAKISTAN
2
Postmaster General, Pakistan Post, Rawalpindi, PAKISTAN, 3Lecturer, Department of Management
Sciences University of Haripur, PAKISTAN, 4Lecturer, Department of Management Sciences Hazara
University, PAKISTAN
*tariq_phd@yahoo.com

Abstract
There is a growing worldwide concern over corruption at the present time. The increasing public interest and concern over corruption have resulted in a large amount
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Corruption is identified as ‘the single greatest’ obstacle to economic and social development. Anupam Das et al (2011),by squeezing from several studies, have theorized that corruption can lead to the destruction of democracy, the violation of human rights, the collapse of markets, lower quality of life, and increased threats to social welfare.
The impact of corruption in the developing world is thought to be particularly damaging, as it is believed to hurt the poor disproportionately. World Bank (2004) has estimated that more than US$ 1 trillion is paid in bribes each year and those countries, which tackle corruption, improve governance and the rule of law could increase per capita incomes by a staggering 400 percent.
U-Myint (2000) reported that public sector corruption is the most severe obstacle confronting the development process. Countries in the Asia and Pacific region are also very worried about this problem and they are in substantial agreement that corruption is a major constraint that is hindering their economic, political and social development, and hence view it as a problem requiring urgent attention at the highest level. U-Myint (2000) expressed by quoting some researches (i.e. Gray and
Kaufmann 1998) that, this greater recognition that corruption

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