Corruption Of Public Office For Private Gain Essay

1734 Words Apr 13th, 2016 null Page
Having analysed the parameters of guanxi, the same attention must be afforded to corruption. Within such an exploration there are several key questions which must be addressed. The first is whether there has been an increase in corruption, or if corruption has simply been afforded greater attention in recent years. The second issue concerns definition. According to the World Bank, corruption is “the abuse of public office for private gain.” (World Bank 1997). Accordingly, ‘corruption’ might simply be considered guanxi involving state officials. Yet, as observed by Haller and Shore (2005), this definition is over simplistic; not only does it reduce corruption to a problem of dishonest individuals, but also assumes ‘public office’ and ‘private gain’ are fixed entities, when in fact they are far from clear cut (Haller and Shore 2005: 2-3). In order to establish the relevance of such a culturally loaded term as guanxi to an ‘increase in corruption’, a nuanced understanding of what forms corruption in China is considered to take is crucial. Outside Guthrie’s work (1998), there is a consensus that corruption is increasing. Chinese leaders first publicly acknowledged widespread corruption in 1982, despite increased measures aimed at its reduction, they believe it grew through the 1980s and 1990s. Based on official data, Manion created a table which shows cases of bribery, embezzlement, and misuse of public funds filed and investigated by procuratorates between 1979 and 2000…

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