Corrections Final Paper

4816 Words Apr 16th, 2013 20 Pages
Final Paper
Student ID: Maya DeNola
California State University Long Beach
CRJU 303 – Corrections
December 12, 2012
Professor: Ryan Fischer

Table of Content

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………..2
Historical perspective ……………………………………………………………………………..5
Current Policy surrounding mental health treatment in prisons…………………………………..7
Evidence to support the current/historical correctional approaches………………………………9
Evidence to refute the current/historical correctional approaches……………………………….10
Evidence of innovative correctional approaches………………………………………………...11
Suggested approach to address the issue ………………………………………………………..12
Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………….13
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These numbers only represent the direct economic/monetary cost to the state of California; they do not include the cost of lost productivity to local economies from people returning home suffering from untreated mental illness, the cost of broken families left to rely on the state for help while the adults serve time, or the oft unaddressed cost of developmental and emotional damage caused to the children of the incarcerated (Miller, 2006; Nesmith and Ruhland, 2008). Factor all these in and the economic and social cost of our systemic failure is astronomical.
Currently there are two innovative strategies at work in the American correctional system: diversion and mental health courts. Both approaches have shown some success in addressing the issues faced by both the mentally ill person and the ill-equipped criminal justice system; however, the majority of criticism of these systems revolves around the fact that even those remitted to these programs are still subjected to some form of incarceration (Redlich, Liu, Steadman, Callahan, and Robbins, 2012) and therefore still contribute to the astronomical financial and social cost of this crisis. If we are to recover from this crisis we must make drastic and immediate changes to the way we deal with the mental

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