Coronary Intervention, A Balloon Angioplasty Procedure Essay

1256 Words Feb 29th, 2016 6 Pages
Coronary artery disease continues to maintain its status as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. It is a high priority of clinicians not only to manage the acute symptoms of coronary artery disease, but also to prevent future major adverse cardiac events, such as acute myocardial infarction and cardiac death. Percutaneous coronary intervention is a nonsurgical procedure to treat atherosclerosis within the heart’s vessels (cite). Percutaneous coronary intervention, a balloon angioplasty procedure, involves inserting a metal wire stent within a constricted coronary artery. Using a balloon catheter with guided x-ray imaging, the stent is implanted as the balloon simultaneously inflates. The inflation of the balloon breaks up atherosclerotic buildup, which is a product of chronic cholesterol and triglyceride accumulation. The permanently inserted metal stent braces the vessel walls with structural support, encouraging adequate, non-turbulent blood flow through the vessel. Optimally, normal tissue proliferation and growth will occur to surround the stent. The use of bare metal stents in percutaneous coronary intervention, first clinically introduced in the 1980s, was an engineered advancement of its time in the treatment of coronary artery disease. Bare metal stents gained recognition for reduced rates of life-threatening cardiac events (pharm). As bare metal stents became a commonality of treatment for coronary artery disease, it became evident…

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