Coping With Extended Facedown Positioning After Macular Hole Surgery: A Qualitative Diary Analysis

1952 Words 8 Pages
Qualitative research seeks to understand the human condition, instead of analyzing variables and relationships (Grove, Burn & Gray 2016 p. 3010). In this Critical appraisal, we will be examining “Coping with Extended Facedown Positioning After Macular Hole Surgery: A Qualitative Diary Analysis”. This review encompasses a Qualitative study that reviews a patient’s diary, who underwent Macular hole surgery and is in the rehabilitative phase. The rehabilitative phase is very difficult as patients must maintain a facedown position for twenty-one days. In the case of the subject in this study, she went seventy-seven days. We will explore the aspects and components of the Descriptive qualitative approach, one of the five main approaches or traditions …show more content…
Qualitative research seeks to understand a phenomenon, not to measure concepts such as in Quantitative research (Grove, Burn & Gray, 2016 Kindle p. 3010). In “Coping with Extended Facedown Positioning After Macular Hole Surgery” Wittich & Southall (2008) examine the contents of a diary written by a patient who underwent Macular Hole Surgery and is in the process of recovery by being in a prone and face down position for seventy-seven days. Wittich & Southall (2008) gain insight into the obstacles, difficulties and experiences faced by maintaining the face down position (p. 436). In qualitative research, we have five main research approaches or traditions, these include Ethnography, Grounded Theory, Phenomenology, Quality Content Analysis and Qualitative Description (Grove et al, 2016 p.3024). Depending on the type of research design, the qualitative approach to analyzing and interpreting data will vary. Wittich & Southall (2008) use the qualitative descriptive approach to drive this qualitative diary analysis. Thus, in this critical appraisal, we will be examining the components of the qualitative descriptive …show more content…
These criteria include meeting Credibility, Confirmability, Dependability, Transferability and authenticity (p.89). For credibility, during the analysis of the data two external researchers were brought in to analyze the data, one came from outside the field of vision rehabilitation and the second person came from the field of vision rehabilitation (Wittich & Southall, 2008 p. 438). To meet authenticity per the “Systems for Grading the Strength of a Body Qualitative Evidence” tool, Multiple realities must be synthesized by the subject, in this case I agree it meets these criteria because the realities are produced in the daily entries made by the patient. The next criteria that was met was confirmability. I believe that one overlaps with the credibility, as I mentioned two individuals were brought in during the data analysis phase to review the data and validate its interpretation. The next item is dependability. Does the data remain stable over time? Cope (2014) states if the studies conditions were replicated; the information remain consistent with other subjects (p. 89). Upon reviewing the journals from other patients with the similar rehabilitative state part C of this assignment I found a lot of patients had similar issues and challenges. In the Discussion, Wittich & Southall (2008) describe other condition, which have a similar

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