Essay on Controlling Organized Crime

1190 Words Jul 28th, 2013 5 Pages
Controlling Organized Crime
CJA 384
July 1, 2013

Controlling Organized Crime Throughout this paper the many factors of criminal organizations will be covered. Some of the theories will be discussed to give one a better understanding of how organized crime comes to be. Also, some of the issues that occur as a result of organized crime, the legal limitations associated with combating organized crime, a federal law that supports anti-crime efforts, and a realistic solution for controlling organized crime will further be presented (University of Phoenix, 2010).
Problems of Organized Crime In recent years, international organized crime has expanded considerably in presence, sophistication, and significance, and it currently
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First, citizens are sometimes the direct victims of organized crime enterprises (violence, extortion, intimidation, etc.). Second, billions of dollars of tax revenue from organized crime go uncollected. This is estimated at $37 billion in lost taxes every year, therefore resulting in higher tax rates for law-abiding citizens. Third, expenses related to law enforcement, criminal prosecution, and imprisonment of convicted members create a substantial drain on the economy of any community (Lyman & Potter, 2007).
Theories
One of the most widely held theories of organized crime today is known as the alien conspiracy theory. This theory blames outsiders and outside influences for the prevalence of organized crime in United States society. Over the years, unsavory images, such as well-dressed men of foreign descent standing in shadows with machine guns and living by codes of silence, have become associated with this theory. The alien conspiracy theory posits that organized crime (the Mafia) gained prominence during the 1860s in Sicily and that Sicilian immigrants are responsible for the foundations of United States organized crime, which is made up of 25 or so Italian-dominated crime families. Also known as the La Cosa Nostra, the families are composed of wise guys or made men and number about 1,700 members (Lyman & Potter, 2007). Criminal behavior is learned as a result of associations with others, and the propensity for innovating through criminality

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