Contributions to the End of the Cold War Essay

1394 Words May 14th, 2013 6 Pages
We Have Arrived, at the End of the War

On Christmas Day 1991, at 7:35 p.m., the Soviet flag flying over the Kremlin was lowered and replaced by the new Russian Federation flag. The USSR officially ceased to exist on

December 31, 1991. The fall of the Soviet Union signified the end of the Cold War (Nye 2). Obviously, this was a huge moment in our world’s history; a 44-year-old tension between two of the most powerful countries in the world, which almost brought us to a combative war, was destroyed. But how did something that seemed so improbable one decade previously occur so peacefully? The reform by Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan’s coercion as well as reform, and the failures in the Soviet Union and its fall were all factors that
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One of Gorbachev’s important reforms for the Soviet Union was his decision to introduce the glasnost policy, or open discussion; perestroika, or restructuring, and democratization reforms and policies (Nester 5). These actions were taken in order to expose the people to government structure as well as follow a more Marxist model, however, they led to the people calling out for a new government and a capitalist system, which they received, ending the Cold War (Nester 6). Gorbachev’s actions benefited the Russian people as well as Russian-American relations once and for all.

Another individual who had a great impact on the end of the Cold War was the President of the United States, Ronald Reagan. He was the leader of the US during the decline of the Soviet Union and the Cold War. Reagan fought hard against the country that he deemed an “evil empire,” and his aggressive tactics with regard to military strategies, diplomatic tactics and ideological offensives were one of the major stimulators for the end of the Cold War (Matlock 4). Particularly in his second term, the President made reforms and treaties vital to the end of the Cold War. Reagan, dismissive of his predecessors SALT II Treaty, actually proposed an arms reduction for both countries (Matlock 5). Reagan’s goal was to shift the United States

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