Structuralism Study Guide
It was the first school of psychology which focused on the breaking down of mental processes into basic components. They used the method of Introspection. It studies the elements of consciousness. Definition:
Functionalism basically considers mental life and behavior in terms of a person’s environment. It was the study of the function rather than the structure of consciousness. It studies how the consciousness changes according to the environment.
2. The main goal of structuralism was to determine scientifically the structure of the mind. It mainly focused on the question what happens? Functionalism mainly focused on the question how and why something happens?