Ancient & Medieval Western Civilization
Contributions of Greek Civilization to Western Civilization.
Ancient Greeks made many influential contributions to western civilization such as in the areas of philosophy, art and architecture, math and science. These contributions, which are also the achievements of ancient Greece, include certain things in the areas of philosophy, art, architecture, math and science. The ancient Greeks were a remarkable civilization in that they have made all these contributions and achievements while simultaneously fighting two wars, the Peloponnesian wars and the Persian wars. Luckily for western civilization, Greece carried on through these hardships and managed to achieve one
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He says that a life guided by human reason is superior to any other and that someone’s ability to reason distinguishes them from anyone else. These ideas along with the ideas of human reasoning, standards for justice, and a democracy are still used in western civilization, therefore showing Greece’s influence and contribution. Many other ideas came from philosophers and two of these ideas include the thought that divine power ruled the universe and that human desires are dangerous and should be controlled. Another area of Greek achievement is theater. Plays began to become important in ancient Greece and two types of plays which were written and performed were comedies and tragedies. A comedy, in ancient Greece, was usually a play that marked or made fun of a certain topic, person, or group of people. One famous comedy writer was Aristophanes. He wrote the plays The Birds and Lysistrata. A tragedy, in ancient Greece, usually dealt with a moral or social issue, human suffering, and almost always ended in disaster. Three famous Greek tragedy writers are Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles. Aeschylus wrote the play The Oresteia, of these plays was Antigone. It was written about 441 B.C. and was about a girl named Antigone who defies the king’s orders and buries her brother, who was killed while leading a rebellion. In this play, many of the Greek values were expressed, which also is the purpose of most of the western