Contraception History

754 Words 4 Pages
Both contraception and pregnancy would help to transform the practice of medicine throughout history, through reproductive rights, contraception and standards requiring pharmaceutical companies to provide information and side effects of drugs. The Pill has grown to be the leading type of birth control used in the United States. It is “the first, but also the most successful lifestyle drug in history,” (Tone, 320) transforming medical practice by changing cultural perceptions of labor and delivery, where and how childbirth occurred. It also brought forth formal training of doctors as opposed to the local midwife and doctor delivering at the patient 's home. Before 1966, 1 in 5 women would talk to their doctor about family planning, and …show more content…
As in any drug, there will always be side effects in contraception whether they are psychological, emotional or control menstruation and give a woman larger breasts. Other forms of male contraception were the attempts to pass forced sterilization in 1961 (India), vasectomies (men), contraceptive cream, anti-fertility injections, Agent U5897 (same compound used to make dynamite), Dalkon Shield (an IUD which caused serious harm and death), thalidomide (which was blocked by the FDA due to major birth defects it caused in Europe), the Gossypol clinical trials (tested on 14,000 men in China, 1972). After the Dalkon Shield hearing in 1970, the FDA forced manufacturers to detail side effects and risks in packaging. Supreme Court rulings such as Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) made contraceptives readily available to both single and married individuals was expanded to nonmarried individuals in the case Eisenstadt v. Baird in 1972. Contraception is still to this day condemned by the Catholic Church even though many of its followers have rejected the ban, stating that it was “not birth control” as much as “it is sex control.” (May, 122) With contraception, one has greater control over their reproductive …show more content…
This combined the innovation of science and medicine with the convenience and privacy one found in their own home and “has become the most widely used diagnostic device in North American and much of the Western world” (Tone, 325)next to the thermometer.The EPT (early pregnancy test) would be more streamlined, inexpensive ($20) and easier to use over time than earlier tests had been. These have allowed physicians to focus on pre-natal care and pre-pregnancy protocols which “safeguard the health of a mother and her developing fetus by protecting them from, or diagnosing them with, possible pathologies.” (Tone,325) The tests have also allowed women to make decisions concerning abortion and the ability to seek fertility assistance as

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