Contemporary Theories of Motivation Essay
Since individuals differ in their motivation drive, there is not right or wrong …show more content…
Valance x Expectancy ↓ Motivation
Satisfaction in form of Rewards
David McClelland’s three-need theory recognizes that the need for achievement, power, and affiliation are major motives at work.
• Need for achievement (N-Ach): The drive to excel, to achieve in relation to a set of standards, and to strive to succeed.
• Need for power (N-Pow): The need to make others behave in a way that they would not have behaved otherwise.
• Need for affiliation (N-Affil): The desire for friendly and close interpersonal relationships.
The importance of each of these needs will vary from one person to another. If you can determine the importance of each of these needs to an individual, it will help you decide how to influence that individual. McClelland asserted that a person’s needs are influenced by their cultural background and life experiences. He also asserted that the majority of these needs can be classified as the needs for affiliation, achievement or power. A person’s motivation and effectiveness can be increased through an environment, which provides them with their ideal mix of each of the three needs (N-Ach, N-Pow and/or N-Affil).
Another contemporary theory is JCM five core job dimensions.
1. Skill variety: the degree to