Containment: Cold War and George C. Marshall Essay

932 Words Mar 20th, 2013 4 Pages
1. Explain the US policy of containment abroad. What were the economic, military, and political strategies of enforcing containment? Identify at least three specific programs or institutions in your response.

* First laid out by George F. Kennan in 1947, Containment stated that communism needed to be contained and isolated, or it would spread to neighboring countries. This spread would allow the Domino Theory to take hold, meaning that if one country fell to communism, then each surrounding country would fall

* Kennan sent a 8000 telegram to the U.s (long telegram) he told insight on soviets and there ruthless expansion. He said that “firm and vigilant containment” could stop them. This is the idea that started Containment
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The Airlift dropped in tons of supplies every day to keep west Berlin going.

It IS containment in one sense. Containment in terms of the cold war is defined as stopping the expansion of the Soviet Union/communism by the west. By supplying the people of west Berlin with supplies, the U.S./Western allies did not allow the Soviets to take the city. Had the allies not supported west Berlin, the city would have probably fallen to the Soviets, although no actual fighting occurred.

Military * The Rio Pact, signed in September 1947, provided that “an armed attack by any State shall be considered as an attack against all the American States and, consequently, each one of the said Contracting Parties undertakes to assist in meeting the attack.

* April 1949, it created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

* Economic assistance and collective defense agreements became the bulwark of Western containment policy. *

IMF (internal monetary fund)- was a world wide bamk that loan money to other counties to fix currency.They infused money for use of productive purpose. The money they lone them was then supposed to be used for trade with the U.S this all came from a decision at Bretton Woods.
NATO- After WW2 the soviets were on the rise and taking over countries. 15 Western nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The member nations agreed that an attack

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