Essay about Consumer Behavior Models and Consumer Behavior in Tourism

8150 Words Feb 11th, 2012 33 Pages
Consumer Behavior Models in Tourism
Analysis Study
Muhannad M.A Abdallat, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Hesham El –Sayed El - Emam, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor

Department of Tourism and Hospitality, Faculty of Tourism and Archeology
King Saud University
ABSTRACT

The theories of consumer decision-making process assume that the consumer’s purchase decision process consists of steps through which the buyer passes in purchasing a product or service. However, this might not be the case. Not every consumer passed through all these stages when making a decision to purchase and in fact, some of the stages can be skipped depending on the type of purchases. The reasons for the study of consumer’s helps firms and organizations improve
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The official definition of consumer behavior given by Belch (1998) is ‘the process and activities people engage in when searching for, selecting, purchasing, using, evaluating, and disposing of products and services so as to satisfy their needs and desires’. Behavior occurs either for the individual, or in the context of a group, or an organization. Consumer behavior involves the use and disposal of products as well as the study of how they are purchased. Product use is often of great interest to the marketer, because this may influence how a product is best positioned or how we can encourage increased consumption.

Andreason (1965) proposed one of the earliest models of consumer behavior. This model is shown in Figure 2.1.The model recognizes the importance of information in the consumer decision-making process. It also emphasizes the importance of consumer attitudes although it fails to consider attitudes in relation to repeat purchase behavior.

Information
A second model, which concentrates on the buying decision for a new product, was proposed by Nicosia (1976). This model is shown in Figure 2.2. The model concentrates on the firm's attempts to communicate with the consumer, and the consumers' predisposition to act in a certain way. These two features are referred to as Field One. The second stage involves the consumer in a search evaluation process, which is influenced by attitudes. This stage is referred to as Field

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