Constructing Essay Test

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CONSTRUCTING and SCORING ESSAY TESTS*

An essay test permits direct assessment of the attainment of numerous goals and objectives. An essay test demands less construction time per fixed unit of student time but a significant increase in labor in time and scoring.

GENERAL TYPES OF ESSAY ITEMS*

>EXTENDED RESPONSE ESSAY ITEM- is one that allows for an in-depth sampling of a student’s knowledge, thinking processes, and problem solving behavior related to a specific topic.

>RESTRICTED RESPONSE ESSAY ITEM- is one where the examinee is required to provide limited response based on a specified criterion for answering the question.

LEARNING OUTCOMES MEASURED EFFECTIVELY WITH ESSAY ITEMS*

>Essay questions are designed to provide
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Illustrations or examples of principles
E. Application of rules or principles in specified situations
F. Reorganization facts
IV. JUDGEMENT
A. Decision for or against
B. Discussion
C. Criticism of the adequacy, correctness, or relevance of a statement
D. Formulation of new questions

BLOOM’S TAXONOMY essay questions*

A. Knowledge = example how Egypt came to be called the gift of Nile.
B. Comprehension= what is meant when a person syas “I had to crossed the bridge”?
C. Application= give at least three examples of how the law of supply operates in our economy today.
D. Analysis= explain the causes and effects of the people power revolution on the political and social life of the Filipino.
E. Synthesis= describe the origin and significance of the celebration of Christmas all over the world.

SOURCES OF DIFFICULTY IN THE USE OF ESSAY TEST*

>Question construction
>Reader reliability
>Instrument reliability
>Instrument validity GUIDELINES FOR CONSTRUCTING, EVALUATING AND USING ESSAY ITEMS*

Consider the following suggestions for constructing, evaluating and using tests:

*Limit the problem that the question poses so that it will have a clear or definite meaning to most students.
*Use simple words which will convey clear meaning to the students.
*Prepare enough questions to sample the material of the subject area broadly, within a reasonable limit.
*Use the essay questions for purposes it best serves, like

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