Construal Level and Ingroup Bias Essay

13479 Words Apr 19th, 2015 54 Pages
This is the author’s version of a work that was submitted/accepted for publication in the following source: Lee, Sujin, Jung, Eun, Sawang, Sukanlaya, & Sung, Jessica (2013) Construal level and ingroup bias. In Toombs, L. (Ed.) 73rd Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management : Capitalism in Question, 9-13 August 2013, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando), Florida. This file was downloaded from:

c Copyright 2013 [please consult the author]

Notice: Changes introduced as a result of publishing processes such as copy-editing and formatting may not be reflected in this document. For a definitive version of this work, please refer to the published source:

#10541, p. 1

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2 Human beings tend to view the group to which they belong as deserving higher status or more resources than groups to which they do not belong—this is known as “ingroup bias” (Tajfel & Turner, 1986). Ingroup bias impedes cooperation and sharing of resources across groups for the common good, and can exacerbate intergroup conflict (Messick & Mackie, 1989). Thus the triggers, underlying mechanisms, and mitigating interventions for ingroup bias have long been examined from multiple theoretical perspectives—including cognitive frameworks (Turner, Hogg, Oakes, Reicher, & Wetherell, 1987), motivational conceptualizations (Brewer, 1991; Tajfel & Turner, 1986), affective approaches (Dovidio, Gaertner, Isen, & Lowrance, 1995; Forgas & Fiedler, 1996), and, more recently, self-regulatory and neural accounts (Amodio, 2009; Richeson et al., 2003). However, as ingroup bias is a complex phenomenon, our understanding of the activating or dampening conditions and underlying mechanisms related to it remain incomplete, despite the long history of intergroup research in general, and specific studies on ingroup bias. This paper adds to the literature by taking a novel approach to ingroup bias: examining it through the lens of construal level. Construal level theory (Trope & Liberman, 2003, 2010), action identification theory (Vallacher & Wegner, 1987, 1989), and the global/local

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