Consolidation of Nazi Power Essay

772 Words Jul 19th, 2011 4 Pages
Nazi Consolidation of Power 1933-34

The consolidation of power by the Nazi’s was absolute and effective in the years 1933-34 in Germany. Hitler used a range of events such as the Reichstag fire and Hindenburg’s death to act as a catalyst to achieve his final goal, as the undisputed Fuhrer, by august of 1934. Also the passing of certain laws such “the protection of People and State Act” and the “Enabling act” gave the Nazi’s further power to consolidate their position as the only party in Germany.

The Reichstag fire served as the point wherein action could be launched and was the first real step to Hitler consolidating the Nazi’s power. As the fire was suspected to have been caused by a Dutch communist, the Nazi Party used this to
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However since this was a change to the constitution it needed a 2/3 majority vote by the Reichstag. This was achieved through a climate of intense intimidation and fear as the SA surrounded the room, chanting “we want Bill or fire and murder” Thus Nazi held the power to instigate any law they needed such as ‘The coordination of the civil Servants’ which effectively removed all Jews and left wing activists from the Bureaucracy. Therefore the Nazis were consolidation their power.

Another factor that led to the Nazis absolute power was Hitler’s leadership. Since the Munich Beer Hall Putsch (Nov 1923) the future Fuhrer realised that the army needed to support the Government as it was the only factor remaining, who had the power to overthrow the Nazi’s. When the SA became a threat with over 3 million members in 1933, Hitler was pushed into action by Hindenburg who told on 21st June 1934 that either he dealt with the SA or power would be handed over to the army. Hitler’s act of betrayal in ordering the SA purge (Night of the Long Knives) where Rohm and other SA leaders were murdered by Hitler became a decisive factor in the consolidation of Nazi power as it showed that there was nothing Hitler wouldn’t do to maintain and consolidate his power.

However the final consolidation of power arrived at Hindenburg’s death. The old 85 year old signed an Act combining the offices of President and Chancellor,

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