Two Types Of Ethical Theories

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In ethics, ethical theories involve the basic concept of wrong and right behavior. There are two types of groups of ethical theories. These theories are consequential and nonconsequential. Consequential principles judge ethics on a certain action by the outcome of that action meaning the overall consequence. Consequential Ethics, determine what is ‘morally right’ and ‘morally wrong’ of the action that is occurring and is than determined by the rate of good to bad that a given action would make. Nonconsequential principles focus on the task being done rather than right or wrong. Ethical theories lead to what moral outcomes should be. However, we will see later my belief on which theory is the best way to know right from wrong. …show more content…
255. Another theory is the Virtue Ethical Theory that on the other hand judges a person and has its attention set on the character of the person rather than the details of a single action. It is able to give detail on a person’s character to be a part of what is called ethical thinking, and not about the rules about the act they make themselves or the actions or consequences that happen after. But, the virtue ethical theory does not take into thought if a person can change its moral character. This theory asks “what does this action say about the character?”. The right thing to do then, is what will be able to demonstrate, encourage, and will be able to set the best character traits of an individual. This theory gives us the ability, to ask not only “What should I do?”, but as well as “How should I be?” with every choice or action that we make. Of course most of the time it’s not clear in the answers for what the right thing to do is, but it gives cultural flexibility (an Aristotelian Approach) where other theories cannot. Aristotle’s Nicomachean answer to Virtue ethics is “happiness only possible with wise choices, noble pursuits”. We live in a world where what is right and wrong is hard to know; the virtue ethical theory gives us a system asking larger questions and still provides us practical advice.(Lesson - Ethical Theory - …show more content…
People who are apart of this theory accept all judgment to be able to acquire of God's character or direct commandments. The holy books of each religion contain God's directions or other words steps, which can be used to chose between what are the right and wrong actions. The idea that ethics and religion are connected is extensive to a certain point, it lets us to search religion's role in our community. Yet on the other hand there are several reasons why the divine command theory does not work well by containing weaknesses. One weakness is on the number of religions and the different explanation of their God (or their higher power). How does someone know that their God's commands are the right and should be the ones to follow? For example I wonder God states that we should not commit murder, does that make murder always wrong even if different circumstances, or should we base the choice we make by the context provided for us in which God gave this command? As an individual we cannot take our self out of choosing God's position on ethical problems that happen.(Lesson - Ethical Theory - Ethics and Religion.pptx

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