Consensus Definition Of Overweight And Adolescents

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Register to read the introduction… The WHO (2000) terminology differs slightly, but the cutoff points are the same. As explained by Gere (1998, 20) “In growing children, in whom weight and height are both changing (and at different rates), the definition of obesity is inherently more complicated”. Although no universally agreed on standard exists for assessing overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, there is a growing consensus that BMI should be adopted as an indirect measure of adiposity for children and adolescents, as well (Barlow & Dietz, …show more content…
These include classic cardiovascular risk factors, such as high blood pressure, abnormal blood lipid levels, and impaired glucose tolerance. Respiratory conditions include sleep-disordered breathing. In addition, early menarche and menstrual abnormalities are linked to overweight. Of particular concern is the emergence of type 2 diabetes, once considered an adult-onset disease, as a disease of childhood. The psychological impact may represent one of the most damaging effects of obesity given that stigmatization and social isolation may result in lower self-esteem and depression. In a recently replicated classic study, children were asked to rank order a series of drawings of children with various handicaps (crutches, wheelchair, missing a hand, facial disfigurement, obesity) based on which child they would “like best” (Latnerm & Stunkard, 2003). The obese child was ranked last irrespective of the ranking child's sex, race, socioeconomic status, living environment, and own disability. In another study, “ratings of quality of life for children with obesity were similar to those of children undergoing chemotherapy for cancer” (Schwimmer, 2003,

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