The United States had appeared to be dominated by consensus and conformity in the 1950s. As the commotions of the first half of the century ended, people were relieved but faced oncoming internal issues. The Great Depression and the two Great Wars caused people to seek tranquility and harmony. The fifties were the decade of change led by president Eisenhower. During this time the nation was in an up rise in many ways. The economy was booming as the Gross National Product more than doubled from the past decade. Thus there was a rise in consumer spending which had a domino effect on the economy. Though it was unexpected, many issues arrived such as the fear of communism and the suspicion of communists hiding in the government. At this period
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They segregated places from water fountains to buses to public schools. Chief of Justice Earl Warren was responsible for the eventual success of such civil rights groups. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People declared challenges to desegregate the education board. The NAACP believed it was unconstitutional not to do so. Warren’s risky decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka struck down segregated education. This decision contradicts the “separate but equal” decision declared by Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896. Even though it was not very effective, it was a great step forward in the civil rights movement.
Later, one determined individual would change the way people reached a solution. Martin Luther King Jr. a minister from Alabama used the ancient form of civil disobedience. He believed violence only leads to more violence. This moral man demonstrated on the streets of Birmingham. He would get arrested but his followers continued to demonstrate. They hoped doing this would send a message to the government to act. Another person to challenge the old and unjust laws was a companion of MLK Jr., Rosa Park. With the same mindset of Dr. King, she bravely refused to give up her bus seat to a white man. She was later arrested. Raging African American communities immediately boycotted the bus service. As it was a great loss to the city, it desegregated the bus system within a year. Getting national