Congress Case Study

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1. a) Just as a democracy should be, Congress is empowered by the people. The House of Representative members have always been elected by the people and as of 1913 when the Seventeenth amendment passed, so is the Senate. In the Constitution, Congress is given specific powers called enumerated powers that are appointed only to this part of the government. Also in Section 1 Article 8 is the elastic clause. This clause gives Congress the power make any necessary and proper laws to carry out its enumerated powers. 1. b) Although the Founders wanted the legislative branch to have enough power to carry out its duties, they also were in fear of a branch that was too strong and therefore placed constraints on the powers Congress has. Creating a bicameral …show more content…
a) reapportionment- The number of representatives in the House per state is based upon the population and because of this every 10 years cencus is taken to provide an accurate count of the population. If the population has increase or decreased, changes must be made to the number of representatives. Since the House only has 435 representatives, some seats may be taken from the states that lost population and given to those that population has risen. This process is called reapportionment. Gerrymandering- After census has been counted and reapportionment has taken place, new district lines can be drawn. The amount of districts is determined by the amount of representatives and then every district has its own representative. Gerrymandering is the redrawing of lines by the majority party to benefit and increase election results. This political strategy is usually extremely beneficial and gives advantage to particular candidates and …show more content…
Although both the House and Senate are part of Congress, they both have differences from one another. The first major difference is the amount of members in each. The Great Compromise gave Senate only 2 representatives per state and the House is based on population and currently has 435 members. A difference in the houses is the style of representation. Although not mandatory, House representatives usually are delegates. Because of their two year terms, most House members use this the delegate style. As a delegate, actions line perfectly with public opinion, which is likely to boost chances of reelection. In Senate, however, because members only have to face electors evey six years, they usually use a trustee style of representation. Trustees use personal judgement for opinions rather than public opinion. Another difference is the time allowed for debate. Because of its size it tends to be organized and hierarchical. Members in the House as individuals have little ability to make their mark and have their opinion used to influence legislation. The unofficial rule is "To get along, go along." In Senate, however, senators have a lot more influence and tend to voice opinion more. Because of the senates ability for unlimited amendments, debates have no time limit and can go on for an extended amount of time. Although there are others, these are some of the biggest

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