Essay about Confucius

738 Words Dec 2nd, 2012 3 Pages
Q3. Explain Confucius concept of virtue or de. Why does Confucius think a hermit cannot be virtuous?
Confucius believed that the problem with government and society was caused by a lack of virtue. Confucius considered gravity, generosity of soul, sincerity, earnestness and kindness all virtuous. 
According to Confucius if you are a hermit you cannot be virtuous. He argued that if you are virtuous, people will be attracted to you willing to provide you with help and information, and happily follow orders. Confucius even went as far as to say virtue is never solitary it always has neighbors (Analects; 4:25). Confucius would say living virtuous is the best way because it would help you live a fulfilling and righteous life.
Q4. What is the
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Thoreau describes most people live, spending all their time and energy working to acquire luxuries; this does not lead to human happiness. Thoreau says that the ownership of such things is actually a disadvantage, one who owns them must take care of them, while one who owns little has more freedom to do as he pleases. This is why Thoreau chose to live simply and cheaply in a house he built and why he thinks Americans are desperate and suffer silently.
Q6. In the Analects, Confucius claims that “ the Virtue of the gentleman is like the wind, and the virtue of the petty person is like that of the grass- when the wind moves over the grass, the grass is sure to bend” what does Confucius mean by this? What does he imply about the masses? How do they learn virtue?
Confucius refers to the virtuous person as the wind. Confucius often describes being virtuous has an effect on a person and virtuous people have a force, that attracts others around them. Confucius implies about the masses that virtuous will be stronger than the petty. According to Confucius “The gentleman brings out the best in others, and does not bring out the worst. The petty man does the opposite”. (The Analects 12.16) This means that the virtuous people would ultimately influence the rest like when the wind blows the grass it is sure to move.
Q7. How does Thoreau define freedom? Why does he think a life of simplicity can restore freedom?
In his book Walden, Thoreau defines

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