Confucianism And Society

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Song to Qing’s Commercial and Society In later imperial period China, Chinese society was constantly developing commercialization. Song dynasty, Northern Song and Southern Song, both located their capital at a communication center: near yellow river and Yangzi river. As the result, two capitals had become highly commercialized administration cities. Until early Qing dynasty, there were more open trades with western world, as well as more developed internal trading routes; the commercialization has reached its peak in late imperial China. Although, Commercialization had changed China’s society in some way, but with more than two thousand years of Confucianism’s government centralization ideas and the scholars’ knowledge, the society in late …show more content…
With the easy transportation Kaifeng can use, the residence has access to great variety of food, entertainment, and luxury goods. (Ebrey, 178) This attracted numbers of relatively wealthy people move to the capital and contribute more development to the commercial activity in Kaifeng. Also, the labors learned their skills and developed their specialized enterprises. (Ebrey, 178) Now they can produce specialized goods to people. The labor’s specializations added more value to commercialization. However, the commercialization did not give more military power to the Northern Song government: they were defeated by the Jin, forced to move to the south, and relocated their capital at Hangzhou, which was another highly commercialized city with easy access to the Yangzi river and the Pacific ocean. The Southern Song then had their economic revolution. The growth of population led to the growth of commerce: urbanization started, and the government expanded their trade from inland to overseas. Southern Song had advantage over the western European countries: better porcelain manufacture, iron making, printing and gunpowder. It opened international market and improved economy for the late imperial …show more content…
Unlike the traditional Confucian ideas, the Yuan dynasty’s government high level officials were mostly Mongolians, Confucian ideas did not have that big of impact on their mind. But in later Yuan dynasty, the Confucian’s ideas were well adopted by the Yuan officials and government. Yuan dynasty was not in favor of commercialization, instead, Yuan was very serious about farming because it was a Mongolian government. But Yuan government did not stop develop commercialization. The government increased value of oversea trading with western countries and monopolized trading goods. The government monopolized internal trading as well, such as iron and salt. With all those commercial movement, the late Yuan dynasty was still under influence of Confucian ethics. After the Yuan dynasty collapsed, Ming dynasty was founded. Ming dynasty had a centralized government just like any other government in China’s history, in which it would be hard for commercialization to have impact

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