Essay about Conflict Theory And Interest Theory

930 Words Jun 19th, 2016 4 Pages
Introduction
Conflict theory explains how power structures and power disparities impact people’s lives. The power elite theory and interest group theory uphold the position that power is a component of all social relationships. However, Marxism views power as gained through economic means. Power is the primary focus of these theories; discrepancies arise from the way power is measured. While the term "conflict" has associations with negative encounters, the conflict itself is neither inherently good nor inherently bad. In fact, engaging in conflict can have positive effects. It is, to a large degree, a necessary tool that enhances development and can be regarded as normal and a prerequisite under particular condition
Basic Assumptions of Conflict Theories ’Conflict is a multi-dimensional social phenomenon which is an integral feature of human existence, essential to the ongoing processes of history, to social change, and transformation,’’ (Nyheim, Leonhardt, and Gaigals 2007, p.3). Swanstrom and Weismann (2005) define conflict as the result of opposing interests involving scarce resources, goal divergence, and frustration. Marxism emphasizes the idea that social life is based on conflicts of interest. His underlying assumption was that those individuals that control the means of production are influential in their society. The dominant class than transcends this power into political power (control over the State, the machinery of government) and…

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