Conflict In Kansas

1388 Words 6 Pages
The conflicts in Kansas were examples of the immediate causes of the Civil War. The acquisition of land in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) increased tensions between the North and the South and revived the sectional debate of slavery and its extension, for instance, the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854. Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois found it necessary to expand westward to create a railroad that linked Chicago and California to promote western settlement. Douglas proposed a plan to extinguish Native American land claims and create a Kansas and Nebraska Territory. However, in order to pass this bill Douglas had to win Southern support. In doing so, Douglas expelled …show more content…
Next, Taney affirmed that the fifth amendment did not allow for seizing of one’s property and since slaves were considered property he could not be freed. Lastly, Taney came to the conclusion that the Northwest ordinance of 1787 and the Missouri Compromise of 1820 were unconstitutional. Southerners were content with the decision of the court because it served as a defense for their rights, the ownership of slaves. In a sense the Dred Scott decision was a justification to Southerners to allow slavery in new territories, such as Kansas, thus, angering Northerners and increasing sectional tension. Conflict in Kansas demonstrated the causes of the Civil War and it’s timing. The death of the public oratories, Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and John C. Calhoun were prominent and prompt causes of the Civil War. The three of nation’s greatest speakers had the interest of their sections in mind but had the preservation of the Union as their main concern. Though there were sectional issues and debates over slavery, Henry Clay proposed compromises to alleviate the sectional tension. For example, The …show more content…
Due to the Democratic party being divided between North and South factions the Republican party had increased chances of winning. Because of the split of Northern and Southern Democrats, The Northern democrats chose Stephen Douglas as their candidate and the Southern Democrats chose John Breckinridge. Abraham Lincoln was chosen to be the republican candidate because he represented small-holding farmers, wage earners, and midwestern voters. Lincoln won the votes of every free Northern state which meant 59% of electoral votes. The free states had a high enough population to elect a president without obtaining any votes from the South. Once elected president, Lincoln refused to accept the Crittenden Compromise that held the union together. President James Buchanan of Pennsylvania did nothing to prevent the secession of the seven states but not congress. Senator John Crittenden composed the Crittenden Compromised in hopes to please the South by allowing the possession of slaves in all territories south of 36°30’. Lincoln was not able to accept the compromise because it was against the Republican views to extend slavery The election of Lincoln was the last straw of Southern secessionists to secede immediately. The South knew they had lost control of the government. In 1860, a convention was held in South Carolina to vote to secede. Soon enough, state conventions were held in Georgia,

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