Conflict Criminology Case Study
In this article Arrigo and Bernard identify the core theoretical assertions in conflict criminology and compare them to opposite assertions in radical and postmodern criminology but they also explain the focus of Karl Marx’s conflict theory. According to the pair, “conflict criminology asserts that there is an inverse relationship between the distribution of political and economic power and the distribution of official crime rates in every society.”
2. Bykova, M. m. (2014). On the Philosophical Relevance of Marx 's Views Today. Frontiers of Philosophy in China, 9(3), 370-380.
The purpose of this …show more content…
Engelen, P., Lander, M. W., & van Essen, M. (2016). What determines crime rates? An empirical test of integrated economic and sociological theories of criminal behavior. The Social Science Journal, 53247-262.
In this peer reviewed article Engelen, Lander, and van Essen attempt to determine whether economic or sociological theories determine crime rates. They begin by reiterating the fact that there is no determinate conclusion on what exact factors are related to crime rates. To test their hypothesis they used an integrated crime model for property and violent crime and used a set of social, economic, and explanatory variables.
4. Obaro, O. A. (2010). Theorizing Social Order and Social Conflict in Nigeria. Conflict Resolution & Negotiation Journal, (2), 33-45.
In this article Obaro inspects the differences between social order and social conflict in Nigeria. He writes that social order comes from “a large number of independent decisions to transfer individual rights and liberties to a coercive state in return for its guarantee of security for persons and their property, as well as its establishment of mechanisms to resolve disputes.” And social conflict can occur when there is conflict between people who are fighting for positions of power and can occur between the powerful and the powerless. The author states that in Nigeria, ethnic, religious, inter-village, political, class, and industrial conflict exist and although these conflicts are not always violent, they still …show more content…
To conduct his study, the author used an electronic database to search “Sociological abstracts” and used the words crime and delinquency as descriptors. He also used criminology textbooks and identified the most frequently cited theories and theorists. As stated before, one of the theories that was most used was Karl Marx’s conflict theory. Zembroski writes that “conflict theory questions traditional values and views laws as existing to maintain the interests of specific groups who hold political power.” He says that Marx viewed crime as the “symptom” of social decline and saw capitalism as the root of crime. The author’s unbiased information not only allows us to better understand the different components of each theory, but it also gives us insight on the backgrounds of these theorist and how their hypothesis came