Concussions In High School Sports

1113 Words 5 Pages
Before participating in high school sports, about 53% of high school athletes have already had a concussion, and about 36% college athletes have had multiple concussions in their medical history. High school athletes can receive the most severe and dangerous effects from concussions because their frontal lobes are not fully developed until they are 25 years of age (“Resources”). Parents and teenagers need to know that a concussion is a serious injury and requires one to be checked by the doctor. Many sports today are rushing these athletes back to school and to the sport; however, this leads to more severe injuries and can have dangerous effects on the athlete. Due to the lack of education on concussions, many do not know the symptoms, …show more content…
A concussion is a direct or indirect injury to the brain that makes it function differently. A hard hit to the head can cause the brain to shake and knock against the skull. It can also be caused by a collision in which a person is moving quickly and runs into another object. Frequently, this impact causes the person to slow down or rotates his or her head. During a concussion, the brain rotates inside the skull and can cut or damage the brain’s nerve fibers. As a result, the brain’s cells perform abnormally and become weak which can increase the chance of a second injury (“Concussion Questions and”). Concussions can easily affect teenagers because it causes the brain to function differently. Because it can happen often, it is important to know the symptoms that can occur after an impact to the …show more content…
One form of treatment is medication. Amitriptyline is one type of medication that treats post-concussion syndrome which includes severe headaches, irritability, dizziness, and depression. Another is topiramate that treats migraines while gabapentin helps people with post-traumatic headaches. Although these medications help people with concussions, no one specific medicine treats every person that has a concussion. In addition to medication, therapy can also help some concussions. Cognitive therapy is a focused rehabilitation that trains the patient to use a pocket calendar, an electronic organizer, or other techniques to improve memory and attention skills (“Post- Concussion Syndrome”). However, the most efficient and main treatment is getting plenty of rest and avoiding strenuous activities. This also includes driving, especially for new teen drivers, or riding a bike for a period of time. The patient gradually goes back to school at their pace when they feel better (Kivi and Carey). Treatments can help or cure concussions based on the person. Sometimes severe effects can last longer if one does know the symptoms and treat

Related Documents