Concussions in Football Essay

1783 Words Sep 2nd, 2012 8 Pages
Concussions in football A traumatic brain injury (TBI) also known as a concussion is a serious health problem to athletes, especially to football players. The brain controls the body and gives a person personality and defines every aspect of his or her life. A brain injury can disrupt a person’s life in an instance and like broken bones or bruises; TBI can limit or prevent normal body functions. A brain injury, unlike common injuries can damage mental abilities to include memory and speech. There are only two classifications in TBI; mild and severe. Mild TBI is classified as loss of consciousness and or confusion and disorientation for less than thirty minutes. Severe TBI is thirty or more minutes and with memory loss. A person …show more content…
Verbal Response: • 5 – Alert and Oriented • 4 – Confused, yet coherent • 3 – Inappropriate words and jumbled phrases consisting of words • 2 – Incomprehensible sounds • 1 – No sounds III. Eye Opening: • 4 – Spontaneous eye opening • 3 – Eyes open to speech • 2 – Eye open to pain • No eye opening
Moderate disability (9-12)
Severe disability (3-8)
Vegetative state (less than 3)
Brain death

Football players average an impact speed of 4.2 miles per hour in a collision. An impact speed of 15.6 miles per hour causes a high potential of a concussion. In a collision, more momentum and energy is transferred to the struck player due to the alignment of the striker’s head, neck, and torso; and because of the striker’s low center of gravity, a higher effective mass is produced. Studies show that fifty percent of the collisions are helmet to helmet, twenty two percent involved impacts to the ground, twenty percent involved impacts with another player’s pads or arm, and seven percent involved impacts with the leg of another player. The skull is a quarter inch thick; it is very hard and is the first barrier in the protection of the brain. The brain is surrounded by meninges and cerebrofluid that protect the brain from trauma brought upon by falls or aggressive movement. In concussions, the brain collides with the inside of the skull. The brain is torn or sheared against the skull due to the

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