Conclusion Of Sumerian Civilizations

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“Civilization is social order promoting cultural creation… It begins where chaos and insecurity end. For when fear is overcome, curiosity and constructiveness are free, and man passes by natural impulse towards the understanding and embellishment of life” (Will Durant, Story of Civilization). The Sumerians were thought to be the first to truly embellish in life, and create a civilization while most of the rest of the world was still stuck in the stone age. Ancient Mesopotamia’s civilizations such as Sumer came twenty centuries before Julius Caesar and the Great Roman Empire, and seven centuries before Tutankhamen’s rule on the Egyptian civilizations. What is truly remarkable about the Sumerians civilization is their lack of natural resources, and mineral wealth. The only natural resource in abundance was mud, but with that mud they made clay in order to build a great civilization with towering Ziggurats, and their own form of writing and communication, cuneiform. Through the mud the first civilization was …show more content…
The Sumerians developed an extensive commerce between cities in Mesopotamia, but also other communities far away. Sumerians traded and exported to settlements by land and sea by seaworthy ships, and they imported from afar items made from the wood, stone, tin and copper, which could not be found anywhere nearby (Smitha). Trade was essential to the Sumerian society because many goods needed for construction and preservation like cedar wasn’t anywhere near their location and unreachable. The two rivers provided easy access to neighboring regions, and allowed for Mesopotamia to interact and trade with inhabitants of other surrounding regions. They had imported cedar wood from Lebanon, but copper, tin, and stones from Oman, Turkey, and Iran. Then precious blue gemstones, called lapis lazuli, from

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