# Conclusion Of Hydraulic Jump Experiment

885 Words 4 Pages
II. 2. Hydraulic Jump

2.2.1. purpose
1. to create/generate hydraulic jump
2. To clarify questions about the fluid flow.
3. To determine the slatrility and characteristics of hydraulic jump, performed in the laboratory using impulse momentum and energy equations are specific.
4. to compare between the depth of flow measurements and the results of the theory.

2.2.2. Basic Theory
A hydraulic jump occurs when the flow of the flow at a high speed exposure at a low-speed flow that occurs at the output. In theory, the flow going from the super critical flow towards the stream of subkritikal. Froude Number (Fr) is the number that characterizes critical flow:
Where:
V = flow velocity (m/s) g = acceleration of gravity (m/s2) y = darialiran fluid depth (m)
With:
• If Fr = 1, if the flow
Equipment used:
• door glass with didingin Channels of water (sluice gate) and a channel setting (spillway)
• points measuring
• Manometers and scale the meter
• Pump
• the Stopwatch

2.2.4. The procedure for the experiment of Hydraulic Jump
1. Turn on the pump to supply water kesaluran
2. then close the end (tail gate) to provide an opportunity of water accumulates and to produce a hydraulic Jump.
3. Set the position of the Hydraulic Jump by setting the amount of the cover from the water.
4. Then measure the depth of the water in the base channels (bed) by using the points of measurement.
5. Next step, measuring the level of the surface of the water before it enters/crossing the spillway.
6. Measure the height of the spillway and the depth of water above the spillway.
7. Using the dots measurements then measure the level of surface water downstream from the jump.
8. Measure the y1 and y2.
9. Repeat the steps again measurements for a variety of Fr (Froude Number).
2.2.5. Data, calculations and graphs
A. Data
B. Calculation
1. Calculate the upstream and downstream Froude Number (Fr). If the values of calculation are eligible from the formation of the Hydraulic Jump? Using equation

• ## Volumetric Flow Meter Lab Report

This total mass was then divided by the time to determine the mass flow rate; furthermore, it was then divided by the density of water to find the volumetric flow rate. The last few steps of the experiment were to pot the volumetric flow rate versus the square root of two times the change in pressure reading divided by the density of water. The same process was also done for the Venturi meter. Trend lines are then added onto each plot, and the slope off each of the lines were then recorded. Results Figure 4 below shows the plot of volumetric flow versus rotameter reading.…

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8
• ## Linear Differential Concentration And Damping Factors

Introduction The main objective of this lab is to observe the behavior of a metal block while experiencing uniaxial translation and oscillation in respects to time to calculate the acceleration, spring constant, and damping factor. The experiment was split into two different labs. Part one, the drop test, to take the block to a fixed height and drop it. This would then allow us to calculate the friction force, along with the acceleration of the metal block. Part two, the bounce test, is attaching the metal block to the spring, pushing the block down and releasing it.…

Words: 2010 - Pages: 9
• ## 4.8 How Do Hydropower Plants Work?

In a typical hydropower system, water is diverted from a stream into a pipeline, where it is carried downhill and through the turbine (flow). The vertical drop (head) creates pressure at the bottom end of the pipeline. Then, the pressurized water at the end of the pipe generates the force that drives the turbine. Therefore, more flow, or more head means more power is produced (Canyon Industries, Inc.). Appendix 3 shows several components of a typical hydropower plant.…

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5
• ## Electrochemical Activity Of Hydrolysate

2(A) shows the CV curves, indicating the tendency and relation of current with varying potential (volt). As the hydrolysate dilution was increased, the maximum current density decreased. CV is widely used to obtain the voltammetry data. The cyclic voltamograms provides the information of the redox reaction and adsorption/desorption effects with the applied potential. In addition, the stability, reversibility, and electron transfer kinetics can be determined using the CV peak behavior.…

Words: 1213 - Pages: 5
• ## Physics Lab Report Essay

If the particle has initial position x1, initial velocity v1, final position x2 and final velocity v2, we have ∫_(x_1)^(x_2)▒〖F_t dx〗=∫_(v_1)^(v_2)▒mvdv ∫_(x_1)^(x_2)▒〖F_t dx〗=(mv_2^2)/2-(mv_1^2)/2 The first term in the above equation is the work done by a force and the second and the third terms are kinetic energies of a particle. Since the work due to a force is scalar quantity, kinetic energy of a particle is also a scalar quantity. We write above equation as U_(1→2)=T_2-T_1 T_1+U_(1→2)=T_2 Eq. 2.10 Eq. 2.10 is the mathematical representation of the principle of work and energy for a particle.…

Words: 1828 - Pages: 8
• ## Spring Creek Chemistry Lab Report

The pH value obtained from the creek was checked against a pH strip. Once the probe displayed a constant value, the value was recorded, and the probe was taken out of the creek and placed back in the storage solution. The conductivity meter was standardized by placing it into a standard conductivity solution of 10 ± 0.1 µS. The value was recorded, and then the meter was placed into the creek. Once both the conductivity value and the temperature reached a steady value, the data was recorded, and the conductivity meter was removed and put away.…

Words: 1328 - Pages: 6
• ## Flow Visualization Lab

Temperature of the water tunnel is measured by thermocouple at the beginning of the experiment. The kinematic viscosity of the water is retrieved from the table of properties of water in Appendix A. Interpolation was used to approximate the most accurate value of the viscosity. Calculation of interpolation is shown in Appendix A. Water Temperature (°C) 16.6 ±0.1 Kinematic Viscosity (m2/sec) 1.10×〖10〗^(-6) Reynolds number for each test case shown in Table 2 is calculated using interpolated kinematic viscosity value, diameter of the cylinders, and water flow rate. Detailed calculation is shown in Appendix…

Words: 2268 - Pages: 10
• ## Buoyancy Lab Report Physics

Buoyancy is the upward force of a liquid which counters the weight of an immersed object. The theoretical buoyancy of an object can be calculated by using the formula B=V(1g/mL) and then converting the units to kilograms and multiplying the answer by the force of gravity which is 9.8 N/kg. Description/Method The idea of this experiment is to understand the relationship between mass, density, and buoyancy,…

Words: 935 - Pages: 4
• ## Venturi Flow Characteristics

EXPERIMENT 1 VENTURI FLOW CHARACTERISTICS OBJECTIVES: To understand and provide the theory of how a venture works. To measure the flow through and differential pressure across a Venturi flow meter. To plot the pressure profiles across a Venturi at a different flow rates. To examine and discuss the relationship between flow and ∆P through a Venturi in a pipe at a various distances from the Venturi. THEORY: The Venturi flow meter is an equipment that uses the Bernoulli Effect and a manometer pressure gauge to measure the rate of flow of a liquid or fluid that is flowing through a pipe.…

Words: 1238 - Pages: 5
• ## Analysis Of Acetol And Guaiacol

The schematic diagram presented in Figure 1.1 illustrates the experimental rig used for the kinetic analysis of reactive flash volatilization (RFV) of acetol and guaiacol. The flow rates of oxygen and nitrogen gases were regulated using mass flow controllers (the type and serial number). Water, on the other hand, was delivered to an evaporator by a high-performance liquid chromatography pump (Agilent) at rates between 0.06 to 0.17 ml/min. The evaporator set at a temperature of 180C allowed to ensure water was in vapor form before entering the reactor. Furthermore, the transport of the water vapor and liquid organic feed was assisted by the nitrogen gas that flowed through the same pipe.…

Words: 842 - Pages: 4