Conceptualization Model Of Adlerian Therapy

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Conceptualization I used the concepts of Alfred Adler 's Individual Psychology to conceptualize my client. I used Adlerian play therapists model as they believe the therapeutic powers of play, art, and interaction will facilitate the process of working with clients by creating a bond between the therapist and the client based on shared fun (Kottman, 2001). An Adlerian therapist bases therapeutic work on the belief that all people are socially embedded, goal-directed, and creative beings. Being socially embedded means people have a need to belong within their families, their classrooms, their neighborhoods, and within other aspects of life. One of the primary functions of the therapist is to investigate how the client fits into these relationships …show more content…
With that, there are four basic goals for children 's and adolescent’s misbehavior: attention, power, revenge, and inadequacy. When the Adlerian therapist uncovers the goal of the client’s misbehavior, then play, art, and storytelling can help the client learn to strive for more positive, constructive goals (Kottman, 2001). For S.H., she feels that inadequacy is a major role in her life. She always states her brother is the “golden child” and she is the “disappointment” thus most of her behaviors perpetuate her to live up to the expectation she is “a disappointment.” It will not be until she feels she is capable of success and positive attention that the misbehavior of arguing with parents, failing classes, and experimenting with drugs with cease. We have utilized art such as drawing, painting, mandalas, and creative writing to help the client express her feelings and discover her personal goals for …show more content…
One of the primary tools for accomplishing this change is through the use of encouragement. This is an Adlerian technique in which the therapist acknowledges the assets, the efforts, and the progress of the client but returns responsibility to the client in order to build their sense of competence. This task demonstrates the courage to be imperfect which reinforces the client’s willingness to take risks and try new behaviors (Kottman, 2001). For S.H., she has taken many risks during out treatment that have had positive effects on her behaviors. She has been encouraged to express her sexual identity to her father with whom she wanted to have an open and honest relationship. During the course of therapy she wrote a letter, which gave her ownership of not only her sexual identity but also ownership of the risk involved in forming new connections without fear of rejection. This now allows the client to feel she can complete tasks she otherwise was fearful of doing, since this was something weighing on her mind for the past few years. There are four phases in Adlerian play centered therapy. First, the therapist must build an egalitarian relationship with the child or adolescent. Then, the therapist explores the lifestyle of the client. Next, the therapist assists the client gain insight into their lifestyle. Finally, the therapist provides reorientation and education for

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