Concept Of Human Morality And A Philosophical View Of Consequentialism

798 Words Nov 9th, 2014 4 Pages
The trolley problem was an experiment that looked to explore the concept of human morality and a philosophical view of consequentialism. The general form of the problem went as follows: You have two options. The first option is to do nothing, which results in the trolley killing five people. The second option is to pull a lever diverting the trolley where it will kill one person. Over the years, there have been many variations for this thought experiment. One of the most popular variations has been the Fat Man variant, which uses pushing a Fat Man onto the tracks instead of pulling a switch. Many philosophers over the years have attempted to explain what is the correct option by using two well-known philosophical theories, Utilitarianism and Kantianism. Utilitarianism deals with the consequences of actions and states that an action is morally right if its consequences lead to happiness (pleasure), and wrong if it ends in unhappiness (pain). Kantianism on the other hand states that certain types of actions are prohibited, even in cases where the action would bring about more happiness than the alternative, because it’s against our duty as a human being to treat people with any form of disrespect. In this paper, I will argue that a Utilitarian view approaches the Trolley Problem and its variants better because it provides the most logical and reasonable explanation of what choice to take.
Utilitarianism
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Utilitarianism is a normative ethical theory that describes the right…

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