Empowerment is a concept we all have heard at one time or another it is utilized in numerous professions and specialties. Analysis of this concept will further understanding of empowerment for nursing professionals in areas from research, theory development or practice. Exploring the attributes, consequences, implications and model cases of empowerment can assist the nursing professional in utilizing empowerment to its fullest potential. Within the scope of nursing, empowerment can be seen not purely as how it relates to the client, or the nurse but also how it relates to both the client and the nurse (Rodwell 1996). The Walker-Avant method was used to analyze this concept, as it was the most commonly seen in nursing literature (McEwen &
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In healthcare, empowerment gives one the appropriate resources, support and education so that they can adequately decide the ways and means to maintain their health and to what degree. Empower is not a new term, it came about in the mid-17th century with the legal meaning “to invest with authority” or “to authorize”. It began to be used in a general way shortly thereafter and meant “to enable or permit”. These meanings have remained, but empowerment has new political and psychological meanings. In the civil rights movement, empowerment was sought for its followers. It was utilized during the women’s movement, and has been popular ever since.
Empowerment is an idea seen in many disciplines such as social work, nursing, and political science. In politics empowerment is stressed, because there is a need for a word that gives constituents the feeling that they are going to be more in control of the destinies.(Inglehart & Welzel 2007) Within the scope of social work, empowerment means to achieve needed social and personal change in ways that meet human needs. (Cox, et. Al 2008) In the nursing profession, empowerment is an important concept that can be utilized to establish healthy behaviors and strong professional relationships.(Rodwell 1996)
An abstract concept, empowerment is different from person to person, and mildly varies from