Essay on Concentration Camps : The Concentration Camp

1231 Words Mar 31st, 2015 5 Pages
Concentration Camps

The words “concentration camp” refers to a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy. In Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945, concentration camps (Konzentrationslager; A.K.A KL or KZ) were an essential feature of the regime (authority).
The first concentration camps in Germany were established soon after the Hitler election as chancellor in January 1933. In the weeks after the Nazis came to power, The SA (Sturmabteilungen; A.K.A. Storm Troopers), the SS (Schutzstaffel; A.K.A. Protection Squadrons, the best picked guards of the Nazi party), the police, and local civilian authorities organized numerous detention camps to incarcerate real and perceived political opponents of Nazi policy.
German authorities established camps all over Germany on an ad hoc basis (formed, arranged, or done for a particular purpose only) to handle the masses of people arrested as alleged subversives. The SS established larger camps in Oranienburg, north of Berlin; Esterwegen, near Hamburg; Dachau, northwest of Munich; and Lichtenburg, in Saxony. In Berlin itself, the Columbia Haus facility held prisoners under investigation by the Gestapo (the German secret state police) until 1936.
After the SS gained its independence from the SA in July 1934, in the wake of the Röhm purge, Hitler authorized the Reich SS leader, Heinrich Himmler, to…

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