Essay about Computer Science And The Human Brain

1032 Words Mar 3rd, 2016 null Page
In 1950, Alan Turing published his groundbreaking work “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” which said that all digital computers, regardless of how they are put together, are equivalent in their computing abilities (442). This breakthrough in computer science has since fostered immense intellectual growth in artificial intelligence. For more than half a century, scientists have been working toward creating machines that are intelligent in the same way human beings are intelligent.

Scholars from many disciplines have contributed to the task of making intelligent machines, on the groundwork laid by Turing in 1950. Because of Turing’s principle of equivalency among all digital computers, researchers have taken it to mean that if it is indeed possible to recreate intelligence digitally, it can be done with any kind of digital computer, provided it has enough storage capacity, processing ability, etc. All one really needs is a complex enough program to run on the machine.

On the whole, they have failed to take into account the structure of the thing they are trying to mimic: the human brain. Intelligence in human beings arises biologically from a very different kind of computer than the ones scientists are currently working with, and it is crucial to understand how this computer, the brain, physically differs from digital ones. We have to take this into account when attempting to create true artificial intelligence. The physical structure of an intelligent machine must…

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