Computer As An Analogy, Memory, Storage And Retrieval Of Information Acquired Through Learning

1060 Words Oct 12th, 2014 5 Pages
Memory is often defined as the processing, storage and retrieval of information acquired through learning. Essentially, memory is a neurological representation of some prior event or experience. Although there are other ways of defining memory, all descriptions typically refer to memory as requiring and therefore involving three fundamental processes: encoding, storage and retrieval. In the 1960’s with the introduction of the computer, many psychologists described these processes using the computer as an analogy. Human memory was likened to a computer in terms of the way incoming information is processed. This approach still remains useful, although human memory is much more sophisticated than a computer, and differs in many ways.

Encoding is the process of converting information into a useable form so that it can be represented and stored in memory. Next, these neurological representations of information must be retained in memory. Rehearsal is one of the most effective ways in which to store memories. There are two different types of rehearsal; maintenance and elaborative. Maintenance rehearsal involves repeating the information being remembered over and over again so that it can be retained in STM. When the information involves words maintenance rehearsal can occur vocally, by repeating the information aloud over and over again, or sub-vocally. When information is visual and/or spatial, maintenance rehearsal involves using something like an ‘inner eye’ to maintain the…

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