Components Of Nursing Informatics

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The Components of Nursing Informatics

Nursing informatics is a specialty that integrates the nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom into the nursing practice (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015). Informatics is a combination of nursing science, information science and computer science. Nursing is a field where patient centered care is one of the top priorities. Nurses use technology to enhance care, communication technology to coordinate care, data management to improve and analyze outcomes of care, information for evidence-based practice, and the use of electronic records to improve care. Overall, nursing is a field where many different areas overlap to
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Nurses need to possess technical skills such as how to use a blood pressure cuff and how to give injections, interpersonal skills to interact with patients and other members of the health care staff, cognitive skills to assess and interpret data from the patient and lastly make a decision on how to help the patient. This definition of nursing science focuses on the ethical application of knowledge acquired through education, research, and practice to provide services and interventions to patients to maintain, enhance or restore their health and acquire, process, generate, and disseminate nursing knowledge to advance the nursing profession (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015). All of these things center on the management of data. Information is just data and knowledge is interpreting and understanding the data that is presented before us. Knowledge allows nurses to arrive at a certain decision or to complete a task. When a patient’s vital signs are abnormal and they begin to experience pain, the information presented and nursing knowledge allows a nurse to know what action to take first and where the highest priority of action lies. Nurses are constantly bombarded with pieces of information that result in a “product” such as knowledge. Through education and research the nursing profession can advance patient centered care and advance the nursing profession as a whole. The future of …show more content…
As mentioned earlier, nurses and other healthcare workers work with data on a daily basis. Data is turned into information through processing. Data can come in many types such as alphabetical, numeric, audio, image and video data. The integrity and quality of data, rather than the form, are what matter (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015). Many things can offset integrity like a human error, such as a nurse not properly documenting vital signs, or computer system failures. Information should be accessible, timely, complete and reliable. Information science can be thought of as the science of information, studying the application and usage of information and knowledge in organizations and the interface or interaction between people, organizations, and information systems (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2015). Healthcare organizations are developing information systems to handle the needs of entire organizations. Using these systems gives organizations, health care workers, and health care recipients many benefits. With these benefits also comes risks such as glitches, hackers, and loss of information. Overall, Information science is constantly evolving and consists of linking people and technology

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