Complications Of Ceervical Cancer

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Register to read the introduction… HPV is a group of viruses, and it is spread through sexual intercourse. The risks that increase the chances of a woman being infected with HPV are having multiple sexual partners, or having sex with a partner who has had multiple partners, having a history of sexually transmitted infections (STI’s), and having sexual intercourse at a young age. Even though HPV infections are common and rarely lead to cancer, medical researchers believe that other factors are involved in the development of cervical cancer. Repeated or constant HPV infections raise the chances of developing the cancer. Precancerous cell changes of the cervix are more common among women who become infected with more than one type of HPV. Moreover, women who smoke cigarettes are twice as likely to develop cervical cancer than those women who don’t smoke. Other risk factors include race, the cancer is less likely to develop in women younger than 15, and race, Hispanic, African Americans, and Native Americans have a higher risk of developing cancer. Having a weak immune system due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) also increase the risk for developing cervical cancer. Of course, there are those women who have a high risk of having cervical cancer due to a history of cervical cancer among the women in their family. SIGNS AND …show more content…
In cases where there are precancerous cells present, abnormal tissue is removed using loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP). During a LEEP, and electric current wire is passed through to remove the abnormal cells. Abnormal cells can also be removed with a cryosurgery. This surgery uses liquid nitrogen that is circulated through a probe, which is put on the area where the cancerous cells are, and the freezing temperature destroys the precancerous tissue. Other surgeries include laser surgery, known as laser ablation, and a cone biopsy. During a laser ablation, a beam of concentrated light and intense heat is used at close range to remove dangerous tissue, and in a cone biopsy, a cone shaped piece of tissue containing the cancerous cells is removed from the …show more content…
In some cases Chemotherapy may be used. Surgical treatment for cervical cancer is radical hysterectomy, which is the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, adjacent lymph nodes, and part of the vagina. Radiation can also be used either alone, or after surgery or chemotherapy. Radiation is delivered by a machine outside of the body, or by radioactive “seeds” implanted in the uterus and vagina. After surgery, radiation is used to reduce the risk of cancer forming again. Side effects of radiation are fatigue, swelling, and skin reddening. Chemotherapy is the use of toxic drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy is given through injection, or by pill form. Side effects of chemotherapy are severe and include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, leucopenia, low white blood cell count.

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