Infertility In The Reproductive System

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Infertility is a disease in the reproductive system that it is measure by the inability to get pregnant within the first year of trying to conceive without contraceptives such as condoms and birth control. According to the “Center for Disease Control and Prevention” (n.d.), approximately 6.7 million women are unable to get pregnant or carry a baby to term and about 1.5 million have been unable to conceive after a 12 month consecutive period of having unprotected intercourse. Also there are many scientifically advances in fertility, not everyone is able to afford them or undergo the stress that can come with it. Complications in the ovaries, oviducts and endometrium can cause infertility in women. About 30 percent of women are unable to conceive …show more content…
Approximately 25 percent of women are infertile due to tubal disease ("Infertility Treatment: Overview", n.d.). Damage in the oviducts can be caused by numerous aspects: abdominal diseases, tubal pregnancies, previous surgeries, etc. In the case of Kirdi Joseph, she found out about her infertility in the summer of 2013. “I went to the emergency room because I was having stomach pain for two days. The pain was terrible, but what hurt me more was what the doctors told me,” (personal communication, July 30, 2015). Mrs. Joseph’s appendix was getting irritated due to a leakage of blood in her reproductive system. Her ultrasound showed a rupture cyst, that was irritating her appendix. “I was told that aside from getting an appendectomy, I had to get a hysterectomy.” Luckily, a hysterectomy was not necessary, but Mrs. Joseph is infertile due to blockage in her oviduct. This sort of blockage is not only cause by surgery scars. They are also caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia ("Female Infertility", 2015). Tubal pregnancies are caused by partial blockage of the fallopian tube. The sperm is able to get in to fertilize the egg, but it is not able to leave the oviduct; therefore, it implants in the oviduct instead of the proper place (endometrium). Tubal pregnancies occur at a low rate ("Ectopic Pregnancy", 2011), about 2 percent of women (older women who have had various …show more content…
But the number one fertility treatment women are using is In Vitro Fertilization or IVF. IVF is practiced all over the world; it has also led to several born babies yearly (Dickey, Holan, Reece, Simon, & Taylor, 2015, Chapter Chapter 27). Unfortunately the cost per cycle is extremely high; due to that, many cannot afford it. Women’s infertility can be caused by serious problems in the ovaries, oviducts and endometrium. It affects approximately 8.2 million women in the United States. The leading cause of infertility is endometriosis, which affect 5 million women in the United States. Infertility may be reduced with the help of medicine, surgery and alternative procedures such as artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization. Possibly allowing the female to become pregnant and increase the changes of a born

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