Introduction The following paper will provide research information about the public health resources for Robeson county located in North Carolina, the state of North Carolina, and the national public health resources. It will describe the history of public health, including pertinent dates and significant events, and describe the differences between public and community health.
County, State, and National public health resources The Robeson County Department of Public Health promotes the health and wellness of the residents of Robeson County by offering the following services; child health, animal control, dental health, environment health, health education, immunizations, preparedness and response, social …show more content…
History The first plague occurred in Roman Europe in the 6th century. The second was known as 'Black Death' that spread throughout the then known world Indochina to Northern Europe (Scutchfield & Keck, 2009). In response to the plagues some of the first measures of public health were developed. There are many public health advocates that date back as early as the 1600's. There are several milestones in the History of Public Health and Community Health Nursing that occurred during 1600-1865. The Ladies’ Benevolent Society was developed in Charleston, South Carolina, which provided charitable assistance to the poor and sick beginning in 1813 (Scutchfield & Keck, 2009). In the 1800s urbanization and industrialization begun which caused a increase of diseases and epidemics from smallpox, yellow fever, cholera, typhoid, and typhus. In the late eighteenth century the first public health organizations were developed in the port cities of the eastern seaboard (Scutchfield & Keck, 2009). These organizations were formed to prevent the yellow fever spreading throughout the population. In 1872, the American Public Health Association (APHA) was formed to promote public hygiene and advance sanitary science. In 1935 the federal government provided funds, administered through the states, for public health training. Grants were