Essay on Comparison of Revolutions
Mehrzad Boroujerdi, Syracuse University
The field of comparative politics starts with the assumption that knowledge in the social sciences must proceed by way of the search for comparisons, or what has been called "suggestive contrasts." Scholars of comparative politics compare in order to discover similarities and explain differences. As infrequent and highly complex events, revolutions have attracted a great deal of attention from comparativists.
In this article, we will address the following topics: • The Concept of Revolution • Why Revolutions Happen? • Can Revolutions be Predicted? • What Do Revolutions Accomplish? • What …show more content…
Why Revolutions Happen?
Revolutions can take place for a variety of factors: poverty, socioeconomic paralysis, uneven economic development, lack of opportunities for social mobility, curtailment of political rights, failure to fulfill electoral commitments, success or failure of reform initiatives from the top, illegitimacy of the chief executive, etc. A number of theoretical frameworks have been proposed by scholars to explain why revolutions occur.
Aristotle argued in Politics that "inferiors revolt in order that they may be equal, and equals that they may be superior. Such is the state of mind which creates revolutions."
Karl Marx presented a class analysis