Comparison Of Norm Referenced And Criterion Referenced Standards
Norm-referenced standards are determined by gathering data on the performance of a large number of individuals who have specifically defined characteristics. These standards allow for the comparison of an individual’s performance against individuals with similarities based on same age, sex, etc. Along with that, norm-referenced standards assist in eligibility decisions, provide information that can be easily communicated to parents, and are research-based. On the other hand, criterion-referenced standards describe a task, by usually using the minimum competency. The performance of these standards is measured in approximation to the criterion. These standards easily identify student skills/progress and assist teachers in planning the next skill to be taught. Both of these standards give us information about student performance, but we need to be careful when interpreting them. Norm-referenced standards will tell us how our students are doing compared to other similar students, and criterion-referenced standards will inform us of how our students are performing according to the specific standards set in place.
24. Benchmarks are grade-level or course specific expectations for students. What does this mean? Provide an example of a benchmark and explain how it might be used.
Benchmarks serve as…