Comparison of Ancient China and Ancient Egypt Essay

944 Words Sep 29th, 2008 4 Pages
There were four main ancient River Valley civilizations: the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia, the Nile River of Egypt, the Indus River of India, and the Yellow River of China. These civilizations showed specific similarities and contrasting differences. Many of these differences and similarities showed up in the three categories of the technological advances, the types of government, and the geography of the civilization. Two civilizations that are very interesting to delve deeper into and study the contrasting societies are China and Egypt. Since China and Egypt were both isolated from the outside, they developed with a strong focus on technology and learning with strong governments to hold the nations together. One similarity …show more content…
Egypt was located in primarily desert land, so invaders rarely risked crossing the great Sahara Desert to fight the Egyptians. China was located near a desert as well, the Gobi Desert. This combined with the huge Himalayan Mountains partially daunted outside invaders from attacking China. However, it affected China more drastically than Egypt. The isolation from the rest of the world led the Chinese to believe that they were superior to the rest of the civilizations in the world. They rarely traded with any outsiders and kept to themselves. With these surrounding deserts, both civilizations required some sort of lifeline in the form of a river. The Nile was the lifesaver of the Egyptian civilization. It flooded annually and left silt on the riverbanks. This fertile silt enabled Egyptians to grow crops for food, and the river itself provided water transportation between Upper and Lower Egypt. The Egyptians, so thankful for this blessing, believed that there was a separate god for the Nile River. The Huang He, or Yellow, River also provided China with a food source. Running through the heartland, the center of the nation provided the only land able to be farmed. In result, the center of China is also the center of China’s civilization. On the other hand, these rivers floods could be disastrous to the nations. If the Egyptian people did not clock the flooding of the Nile correctly, all of their crops could be ruined and result in a huge famine over

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