In 1975 Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge took control of the Cambodian Government and established a communist government. When the Khmer Rouge took control Pol Pot declared that 1975 was “year zero” would set the Cambodian Calders to year zero. During the time the Khmer Rouge was in control the government started the Cambodian Genocide. In which the government targeted Buddhist monks, intellectuals, officials from the “old” regime, and enemies of the state. The government attacked monks because they would religious opposition in the state. Intellitactics were killed because Pot Pol had the belief that intelligence and rebellion had a correlation. This was due to the intelligent people being able to think for themselves if the government is working.