Market Capitalization is one of the company valuation methods which is based on market approach and involves company valuation measures using current stock market data (Amadeo, 2016). It focuses on the market value of the company (Amadeo, 2016). It is called Market Cap as well. It is calculated by the price of each share multiplied by the total number of issued shares held by shareholders (Nikolaev, 2016). This method mainly is used for public companies where the share price is publicly available. Also it can be calculated for private companies by considering the price of a share based on the latest trade (Victor, 2015). When a company is private, the value calculated by Market Capitalization method is …show more content…
It is important to consider specially when Book Value of a company is more than its Market Value (Valuation Techniques Overview, n.d.).
If the market value is less than book value, investors may see an opportunity. If market value is higher than the book value, then the company is growing.
Comparison: Market Capitalization vs Book Value
Market Capitalization is based on the projected value of a company’s share price, but Book Value is the actual worth of the company based on financial records (Valuation Techniques Overview, n.d.). Book Value of a company is equal to the value of its equity, but Market Capitalization is the current market value of its shares (Valuation Techniques Overview, n.d.). Book Value considers tangible assets of a company while calculating the company value, but Market Capitalization is the whole value of both tangible and intangible assets like brand values (Valuation Techniques Overview, n.d.).
When the Market Value of a company is more than its Book Value, the buyer is paying more money for something with less value, so it will be loss (Valuation Techniques Overview, n.d.). Conversely, when the Book Value of a company is more than the Market Value, it is profit for the buyer (Valuation Techniques Overview,