Comparing Language Development Children Who Use Hearing Aids Or Cochlear Implants
Fifteen articles were found for this systematic review to compare language development in children who use hearing aids or cochlear implants. The databases used to search for these studies were PubMed, CINAHL, and ProQuest. Five articles were found from each. Study 1 The results of this study concluded that those with a hearing aid had a lower F2 formant for [a], compared to those with normal hearing, while those with cochlear implants did not have a significant difference for the same vowel and it’s formants. The vowel [i] showed the F2 formants being slightly significantly lower for those with hearing aids compared to those with cochlear implants. No differences were found between those with normal hearing and with cochlear implants. Vowel [u] showed no significant difference between hearing aids and cochlear implants, while those with hearing aids had lower F1 and F2 formants than their normal hearing peers. All in all, those with some degree of hearing loss had the highest values for inter-vowel distances and vowel space, while those with normal hearing had the lowest. This means those with one of the hearing devices had an increased vowel space (Baudonck, 2011).
This study examined children with hearing loss and children with normal hearing and their pragmatic abilities. The pragmatic protocol was used to test the pragmatic abilities of each of the individuals, assessing their conversational skills, turn taking ability, and intonation, and…