Comparing Hinduism, Buddhism, And Taoism

1069 Words 5 Pages
Anny Bravo
PHI2010
Assignment 3:Questions/discussions

1. Compare and contrast various views of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism.
Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism all share notions of karma, samsara and reincarnation, and all three believe in the ultimate purpose of our existence is reach nirvana or the enlightment. Hindus believe to be one with universe. Hindus believe in a single deity, however they see gods and goddesses as a manifestation of their deity. Brahman is considered by the hindus as the superior god and the creator. Buddhists believe in finding peace and love within your self, they view the Buddha as a symbol of this. Buddhism is a more philosophical religion. One of the major differences is that Buddhism does not worship deities,
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What differentiates analytic philosophy completely from other schools of philosophy is still unclear exactly according to my textbook. Yet, According to L. Jonathan Cohen there are three possibilities by which analytic philosophy may be separated from other philosophical schools. First, possibility is that analytic philosophy holds different foundational doctrines or tenets than other areas of philosophy. The second possibility it employs doctrines distinct from other branches of philosophy. Lastly, analytic philosophy is concerned with different problems than other branches of philosophy.

5. Compare and contrast the logical positivist to the natural language theorist.
Logical positivism argues that all meaningful propositions are either analytic, able to be verified or is to be determined by an experiment and observation. Natural Language philosophy approaches traditional philosophical problems as being rooted in misunderstandings in a language. Natural Language philosophy seems to me to be more of a traditional approach towards issues, while logical uses more meaningful answers to deal with issues.

6. Explain the role of the “Vienna circle” in the history of analytic
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Existence precedes essence. For example, we are born into this world not knowing what will happen next, to then it being up to us to decide what to make of our existence. Another theme is the concern for the human search for identity and meaning, which is a deep form of humanism independent on whether or not one believe in God. Existentialists then and now are interconnected with each other, a way of taking stock of human freedom that links it to responsibility for ourselves and for those around us.

8. Explain why Kierkegaard and Dostoyevsky are considered predecessors of existentialism.
Kierkegaard and Dostoyevsky are considered predecessors of existentialism because they were already sharing existentialists concerns. Destoyevsky portrayed the anguish that came and was associated with the doubt and the necessity of choosing to confront that doubt personally in his novels. Kierkegaard emphasized personal choice over reason. Kierkegaard is often considered an existentialist not because he found a way to believe in God without needing proof, but because what matters to him is the realization that ultimately believing or not was his choice.

9. Critically analyze Husserl’s phenomenology and how it informed

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