Compare and Contrast Mayo with Taylor Essay

2319 Words Nov 9th, 2008 10 Pages
COMPARE AND CONTARST THE ATTITUDES OF THEN SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THOUGHT (TAYLOR et al) WITH THOSE OF THE HUAMAN RELTIONS MOVEMENT (MAYO et al) WITH REGARD TO PEOPLE AT WORK.

Frederick Winslow Taylor also known as F.W.Taylor and George Elton Mayo have given some important definitions to the management work in the past. F.W.Taylor the Father of Scientific Management opposed the rule of thumb and said that there is only ‘one best way of doing work’ where as Elton Mayo proposed that the importance of groups affects the behaviour of individuals at work.

As the topic suggests, there are many contrasts between Taylor and Mayo but the only similarity between these is that they both wanted to that more production can be possible only
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2) Standardisation and Simplification of Work: - Standardisation refers to the process of setting standards for every business activity; it can be standardisation of process, raw material, time, product, machinery, methods or working conditions. These standards are benchmarks, which must be adhered to during productions. Simplifications aim at eliminating superfluous varieties, sizes and dimensions. It results in savings of cost of labour, machines, fuller utilisation of equipment and increasing turnover.

3) Method study: - The objective of method study is to find out one best way of doing the job. The objective of the whole exercise is to minimise the cost of production and maximise the quality and satisfaction of the customer.

4) Motion Study: - Refers to the study of movements like lifting, putting objects, sitting and changing positions etc., which are undertaken while doing a typical job. Unnecessary movements are sought to be eliminated so that it takes less time to complete the job efficiently. Taylor used stopwatches and various symbols and colours to identify different motions.

5) Time Study: - It determines the standard time taken to perform a well-defined job. Time measuring devices are used for each element of task.

6) Fatigue Study: - It seeks to determine the amount and frequency of rest intervals in completing tasks. Rest

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