Compare and contrast economic, social, and political developments in the North and South between 1800-1860. How do you account for the divergence between the two sections?
During 1880 to 1860, The United States of America went through social, political and economic changes, which affected the North and South in different ways.
The economy of the South depended primarily on slaves. Its settlers had plantations of cotton, which was very profitable at that time, but they needed a cheap labour force to work their lands (slaves). Living in the South meant either having a lot of money to invest on lands (for crop plantations) or working in the only available jobs, which were done by slaves. Since not everyone was able to afford high
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That is to say, northerners became more aware that the expansion of the South went against their economic interests. These disputes generated political conflicts since each region had its own reason for accepting or rejecting slavery in the new territories. Consequently, they started to create political parties which could function as “gate keepers”. That is to say, these new parties would decide the demands that were going to be made and how. The idea of “public sovereignty” seemed to resolve these quarrels since the settlers of the new territories (as a group) would decide upon slavery. However, representation in government was also another critical issue: the South’s representation was declining and the North became the represented place for it was much more populated. Long struggles followed this period so as to reach a conclusion over these issues. Out of these conflicts, and since the existing parties had not taken a clear stand and had not made any commitment, the northerners created a new political party, The Republican Party. It was dedicated to keeping slavery out of the new territories so as to ensure that they would become “free states.”
The accentuated differences and scarcely similarities between the North and South began since the first settlements in Massachusetts and New England and seemed not to come to an end in the 19th century. Quite the contrary, these discrepancies increased